Screening mental status in adults with aphasia using a language-modified form of the Mini-Mental State Examination: a preliminary investigation.
Older adults with stroke are at greater risk for developing dementia than individuals without a history of stroke. Cognitive screening in this population is particularly difficult in individuals with stroke and aphasia, as most measures commonly employed are heavily language dependent. The performance of adults with stroke and aphasia, individuals with Alzheimer’s disease, and healthy older adults is described on a shorter, language-modified version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). Results of this preliminary study suggest that the LMMS-T may have utility to distinguish groups of individuals with stroke-related aphasia from those with dementia, but may not be particularly helpful in differentiating these disorders on an individual basis.