Perceptual Voice Characteristics in Chronic Cough and Paradoxical Vocal Fold Movement
Voice problems have been reported in chronic cough (CC) and paradoxical vocal fold movement (PVFM), however, there is a lack of a systematic description of voice characteristics in these conditions. This study examined the perceptual voice characteristics of 56 individuals with CC, 8 with PVFM and 55 with both CC and PVFM, compared to 25 people with muscle tension dysphonia (MTD) and 27 healthy controls. There was a high prevalence of abnormal voice quality in the CC and PVFM groups compared with healthy controls. More than one third of participants with CC and PVFM demonstrated strained, rough and/or breathy voices to a moderate or severe degree. The perceptual features in CC and PVFM were similar to those in MTD with greater severity evident in MTD. Possible mechanisms for abnormalities in voice quality include the presence of muscle tension and the frequency of coughing. These results have implications for the identification and management of voice disorders in CC and PVFM and suggest that clinicians should be alert to the incidence of voice abnormalities in these populations.