Cochlear Implantation in Infants: Special Surgical and Medical Aspects.
Conclusions: The surgical procedure for CI in infants is feasible and patient-related complications are usually minor and may be managed conservatively. Because most postoperative major problems are implant-related, improving cochlear implant technology can enhance the reliability of the devices and prevent untoward events that need for explantations and reimplantations. To reduce the risk of general anesthesia in infants we recommended the presence of pediatric anesthesiologist at surgery. Shortening time of surgery with using of nonmastoidectomy techniques for CI can reduce the time of bacterial exposure of the wound and prevent surgical complications related to the facial nerve and chorda tympani damage as well as electrode misplacement.