Generating Spoken Sentences: The Relationship Between Words and Syntax
Producing spoken sentences involves the retrieval, from long-term memory, of the words that best match the concepts we wish to express and the generation of a syntactic structure that provides an appropriate linear order for these words. Current psycholinguistic models of sentence production overlap greatly in both the representations and processes they postulate but diverge in one central aspect; the relationship they propose to exist between words and syntax. Traditional models postulate a close relationship, with syntactic processes dependent on lexical representations, whereas more recent computational approaches hold lexical retrieval and syntactic structure building entirely separate. This article provides an overview of the data and theories relevant to the generation of words and syntax during spoken sentence production.