Teaching and Learning Guide for: Singapore English
This article describes the English(es) spoken in Singapore in four major parts. The first three (Phonology, Grammar, Vocabulary) are a linguistic description, based on previous literature on the topic and on recent findings. While by necessity selective, they contain the main features usually thought to be typical of Singapore English. The fourth part, Variation, is concerned with the various forms that English can take in the country: Singlish, Standard English, colloquial, formal, etc. The interaction between these forms, and the ways this interaction has been described, are investigated in this section. It concludes with a look at the indexicality model, which recasts variation as a speaker-centric process that enables users to select features of Singlish or of Standard English in order to index particular social meanings. This Teaching and Learning Guide aims to increase the article’s value as an educational resource, by showing how it can be used in a classroom context.