The rise and fall of Asperger syndrome
The debate on the validity of the diagnosis of what is now called Asperger syndrome in DSM/ICD (not, incidentally meeting either Asperger’s or Gillberg’s criteria) might have rumbled on for years, but for the pending 5th revision to the DSM. The controversial decision has provisionally been made to abolish the syndrome in DSM-5, and to describe all conditions with autistic symptomatology as Autism Spectrum Disorders. That recommendation has upset the “Aspie” community, who feel they are losing their identity. The implications of recent research evidence on high functioning autistic disorders for the case made to abolish the diagnosis of Asperger syndrome will be discussed.