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Frame by Frame Analysis of Glottic Insufficiency Using Laryngovideostroboscopy

Conclusions
FBFA appears to be a simple objective method for the novice or experienced LVS interpreter, by which one can suspect subtle GI. Because of the inherent physical properties by which LVS gives an “illusionary” representation of the glottic cycle, the FBFA technique remains a theoretical tool. Future studies using high-speed digital imaging are needed to validate this useful technique.

from the Journal of Voice

Vocal process granuloma and glottal insufficiency: An overlooked etiology?

Objectives/Hypothesis:
Vocal process granuloma has been attributed to intubation, laryngopharyngeal reflux, and phonotraumatic/hyperfunctional vocal behaviors. Vocal process granuloma has recurrence rates following surgical excision approaching 92%. We hypothesize that a portion of persistent or idiopathic cases of vocal process granuloma result from underlying glottal insufficiency (GI) caused by paresis, scar, or atrophy. Our goal was to examine our vocal process granuloma population and determine the incidence of GI, treatment interventions, and outcomes.

Study Design:
Retrospective chart review.

Methods:
Thirty-four patients with vocal process granuloma were divided into surgically or conservatively managed groups. Patients were identified if they carried a diagnosis of GI. The time to resolution and number of recurrences within the overall treatment period was recorded and compared between subgroups. Pre- and post-treatment Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10) and Reflux Symptom Index (RSI) scores were compared.

Results:
Eighteen of 34 patients (53%) carried an underlying diagnosis of GI, 13/34 (38%) were treated surgically, and 8/13 (62%) surgical patients had underlying GI. VHI-10 and RSI scores significantly improved after disease resolution (P < .05).

Conclusions:
The incidence of GI among patients with vocal process granuloma was 53%. Conservative therapies including treatment of laryngopharyngeal reflux and voice therapy may lead to resolution despite underlying glottal incompetence. If conservative measures fail, recognizing and treating glottal incompetence with true vocal fold augmentation may lead to a shorter surgical treatment course. Laryngoscope, 2009

from The Laryngoscope