Blog Archives

Swallowing disturbance questionnaire for detecting dysphagia†‡

The SDQ is a sensitive and accurate tool for identifying patients with true swallowing disturbances arising from different etiologies and for indicating the need for more in-depth instrumental swallowing evaluations.

from The Laryngoscope

Social perception of deafness in the educational environment: designing an evaluation questionnaire

This article analyzes the results of a pilot study of the application of a proposed questionnaire on social perception of deafness in the primary and secondary education setting. The first part of the article discusses the rationale for evaluating the integration of deaf girls and boys in mainstream schools and the suitability of the questionnaire for this purpose.

The second part describes the process of drafting the items covering aspects such as the quality of communication, social perceptions of deafness from the point of view of the hearing person, deaf students’ self-esteem and the degree of social integration they can attain.

from Revista de Logopedia, Foniatría y Audiología

Own voice qualities (OVQ) in hearing-aid users: There is more than just occlusion

Objective. Hearing-aid users’ problems with their own voice caused by occlusion are well known. Conversely, it remains essentially undocumented whether hearing-aid users expected not to have occlusion-related problems experience own-voice issues. Design. To investigate this topic, a dedicated Own Voice Qualities (OVQ) questionnaire was developed and used in two experiments with stratified samples. Study sample. In the main experiment, the OVQ was administered to 169 hearing-aid users (most of whom were expected not to have occlusion-related problems) and to a control group of 56 normally-hearing people. In the follow-up experiment, the OVQ was used in a cross-over study where 43 hearing-aid users rated own voice for an open fitting and a small-vent earmould fitting. Results. The results from the main experiment show that hearing-aid users (without occlusion) have more problems than the normal-hearing controls on several dimensions of own voice. The magnitude of these differences was found to be generally larger than the differences observed between the open fitting and the small-vent fitting in the follow-up experiment. Conclusions. This suggests that own voice is a potentially important concern, even for hearing-aid users who are not expected to have occlusion-related problems.

from the <a href="http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/14992027.2010.547991

National Survey of Pediatricians’ Opinions about and Practices for Acute Otitis Media and Xylitol Use

Most of these Peds adhered to the AAP/AAFP guideline. They were not using CAMs like xylitol for preventing AOM in children. Future research should focus on prevention and the use of xylitol as a possible prophylaxis regimen for AOM in patients.

from the Journal of the American Academy of Audiology

National Survey of Pediatricians’ Opinions about and Practices for Acute Otitis Media and Xylitol Use

Most of these Peds adhered to the AAP/AAFP guideline. They were not using CAMs like xylitol for preventing AOM in children. Future research should focus on prevention and the use of xylitol as a possible prophylaxis regimen for AOM in patients.

from the Journal of the American Academy of Audiology

Effects of different noise combinations on sleep, as assessed by a general questionnaire

In the present study, the effects of different noise combinations on sleep were assessed in two contexts, with a single noise source and with combined noise sources. Road traffic noise, and construction or movie noise combined with road traffic noise were used as the single noise source and the combined noise sources, respectively. When the sound pressure level of road traffic noise was kept constant, levels of the construction and movie noise were changed. Twenty participants were followed for approximately 2 weeks, during which their sleep was evaluated using a questionnaire, including questions on sleeping behavior, premature awakening, and subjective responses. The results showed that the combined noise sources including construction noise decreased the number of participants who fell asleep within an hour and increased the number that were awakened prematurely compared to the effects of road traffic noise combined with movie noise. However, similar tendencies were observed while evaluating sleep quality, sleep disturbance, and annoyance.

from Applied Acoustics

Parents’ views on the quality of life of their children 2–3 years after cochlear implantation

Conclusions
Parents report that cochlear implants affect their children in a wide variety of ways that cannot be summarized by a single scale. A broader descriptive framework is required to capture their experiences adequately.

from the International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

The Mayo Dysphagia Questionnaire-30: Documentation of Reliability and Validity of a Tool for Interventional Trials in Adults with Esophageal Disease

Abstract The aim of this study was to develop the Mayo Dysphagia Questionnaire-30 Day (MDQ-30), a tool to measure esophageal dysphagia, by adapting items from validated instruments for use in clinical trials, and assess its feasibility, reproducibility, and concurrent validity. Outpatients referred to endoscopy for dysphagia or seen in a specialty clinic were recruited. Feasibility testing was done to identify problematic items. Reproducibility was measured by test–retest format. Concurrent validity reflects agreement between information gathered in a structured interview versus the patients’ written responses. The MDQ-30, a 28-item instrument, took 10 min (range = 5–30 min) to complete. Four hundred thirty-one outpatients [210 (49%) men; mean age = 61 years] participated. Overall, most concurrent validity κ values for dysphagia were very good to excellent with a median of 0.78 (min 0.28, max 0.95). The majority of reproducibility κ values for dysphagia were moderate to excellent with a median κ value of 0.66 (min 0.07, max 1.0). Overall, concurrent validity and reproducibility κ values for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms were 0.81 (95% CI = 0.72, 0.91) and 0.66 (95% CI = 0.55, 0.77), respectively. Individual item percent agreement was generally very good to excellent. Internal consistency was excellent. We conclude that the MDQ-30 is an easy-to-complete tool to evaluate reliably dysphagia symptoms over the last 30 days.

from Dysphagia

Survey of Pediatricians and Early Hearing Detection and Identification Programs at a Precise Local Level: An Academic Medical Center

Pediatricians (Peds) are vital to early hearing detection and intervention programs (EHDIPs). Peds should educate families about programs and encourage them to comply with professionals’ recommendations. Surveying Peds at local levels is important for ensuring that they meet benchmarks. This study used a revised questionnaire to assess Peds at Rush University Medical Center (RUMC) about EHDIPs. Of all 115 Peds at RUMC, 21 responded = 18.6% response rate; 57% (12) were residents and 42.9% (9) were attending physicians. Most had knowledge about, experience with, and positive attitudes toward EHDIPs, but could use additional information. Results expanded on earlier surveys by using an updated questionnaire relevant to latest EHDIPs goals and Peds at a precise hospital and provided information for audiologists conducting physician outreach programs to help Peds prevent children from being lost to follow up.

from Seminars in Hearing