Pharyngeal Pressures During Swallowing Within and Across Three Sessions: Within-Subject Variance and Order Effects

No studies have investigated within-subject variation in measures of pharyngeal pressures during swallowing across sessions. This study aimed to document the variation in pharyngeal pressures both within and across three sessions. Twenty healthy participants were recruited for three sessions. For each session, peak or nadir pressures were recorded from the upper pharynx (sensor 1), mid-pharynx (sensor 2), and upper esophageal sphincter (sensor 3) during saliva and 10-ml water bolus swallows. Variance was larger across sessions than within sessions for sensors 1 and 2 but comparable for sensor 3. For all sensors there was a high correlation between the variance across sessions and within session (r = 0.92, p < 0.0001). There were no significant order effects of session or of trial at any sensor with estimated order effects less than 2% and the estimated maximum possible change no larger than 5% for trial and no larger than 12% for session. These data offer direction for longitudinal treatment studies in which pharyngeal pressures are an outcome measurement by (1) providing a basis for power calculations, (2) estimating the likely values of any confounding order effects, and (3) providing suggestions for more reliable data analysis.

from Dysphagia

Advertisements

About Callier Library

Housed at the internationally renowned Callier Center for Communication Disorders, Callier Library a branch facility of the McDermott Library at The University of Texas at Dallas.

Posted on January 15, 2011, in Research and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: